Prevalence of hepatitis B in HIV-positive patients in Zabol

Author: Leli Rezaie-Kahkhaie, Khadijeh Saravani, Khadije Rezaie-Keikhaie, Seyed Esmaeil Azimi-Khatibani, Abdul Hafiz Daman-Sooz, Mehdi Afshari, Atefeh kamali

Publishing Date: 2021

E-ISSN: 2823-2550

Volume: 1

Issue: 3



Today, due to the increase in life expectancy in HIV-infected patients, the incidence of related diseases such as hepatitis B and C due to similarity in transmission routes has become a major concern of the health community. Therefore, this study was performed to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B among HIV + patients in Zabol. This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on 37 HIV-infected patients in Zabol city (2021-2022). In the present study, HIV-infected patients were screened for hepatitis B by measuring serum levels of HBC Ab and HBs Ag. Finally, the data in SPSS V21 software were analyzed. In the present study, a total of 37 HIV-infected patients with a mean age of 40.81- 11.64 years were evaluated. The present study’s prevalence of HIV and HCV coinfection was 21.6%. Also, 13.5% of HIV patients had HBV and HCV simultaneously. Examination of risk factors for viral hepatitis in HIVinfected patients showed that unprotected sex (100%), injecting drug use or IDU (87.5%), dental procedures (75%), history of imprisonment (62.5%) and tattooing (50.5%) were the most common factors in HIV patients. Family history of hepatitis B (12.5%), alcohol (12.5%), transfusion (12.5%) and cupping (25%) were among the lowest cases in these patients. the frequency of HBV infection and co-infection with HCV and HBV in HIV-positive patients were relatively high. Except for the history of tattoos, there is no significant relationship between other risk factors and hepatitis B among HIV-positive patients.

Key Words: Human Immunodeficiency Virus, HBV, Prevalence, Chronic Infection, Hepatitis C