Author: Mustafa Yilmaz, Bayram Turgut, Mevlüt Gullu, Ibrahim Yilmaz
Publishing Date: 2016
Volume 1 Issue 1
Global geopotential models of spherical harmonic coefficients are used to determine the external gravitational field of the Earth. These coefficients are derived from satellite orbit perturbations, terrestrial gravity anomalies and altimeter data. Hundreds of thousands of coefficients and standard deviation values for these coefficients are estimated from millions of observation. Measurement amount, homogenous distribution of the measurements of global scale, different measurement types reflecting the different frequencies of the gravity signal and measuring-assessment techniques affect the model accuracy directly. Starting from 1960’s and lasts to the present day and also gaining new acceleration with the satellite gravity field missions, every outcome of the studies related to the determination of the global Geopotential model is experienced by a series of validation tests. Accuracy of the model can either be determined from the estimated error degree variances concerning the coefficients (interior validation) or comparison of geoid heights, gravity anomalies, gravity disturbances and components of vertical deflection calculated from the model with terrestrial measurements directly (outer validation). In this paper, recent global geopotential models are primarily explained. Global geopotential models are compared with GNSS/levelling data of the study area. The objective of this comparison is to determine the best fit global geopotential model which will contribute to the study of Turkish geoid determination.
Key Words: Geoid, Geopotential model, GNSS/levelling