Author: Leandro Freire dos Santos, Rosalia Rubel, Sandro Jose Ribeiro Bonatto, Adriana Aya Yamaguchi, Maria Fernanda Torres, Vanete Thomaz Soccol, Andre Luís Lopes da Silva and Carlos Ricardo Soccol
Publishing Date: 2018
Volume 31 Issue 1
Macrophages have been considered an elusive yet emerging therapeutic target in tumor development since they are an important component in tumor microenvironment. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of C. sinensis on macrophage function (a component of tumor microenvironment which can alter the virulence of cancer) in high-fat diet fed rats. IMR-32 human neuroblastoma cell cytotoxicity was also investigated. The following parameters were observed to evaluate macrophage function: superoxide anion, hydrogen peroxide, nitric oxide, lysosomal volume and phagocytic capacity. High fat diet (HFD) plus C. sinensis supplementation promoted a decreased superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide levels as well as lysosomal volume and phagocytic capacity. Nitric oxide was increased in the same group. In summary, C. sinensis offered an important anti-tumoral perspective from the standpoint of the tumor microenvironment and in vitro IMR-32 cytotoxicity.
Keywords: Anti-tumoral, Cordyceps sinensis, high-fat diet, macrophage funcion.