Author: Samir Felhi, Mouna Chaaibia, Sana Bakari, Riadh Ben Mansour, Ahmed Békir, Néji Gharsallah and Adel Kadri
Publishing Date: 2017
Volume 30 Issue 1
This study aimed to investigate the antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of essential oil isolated by the hydrodistillation of aerial parts of Thymelaea hirsuta. The antimicrobial activity of the oil was evaluated against eight bacterial and three fungal pathogenic strains. The results revealed that the essential oil exhibited a moderate-to-potent antimicrobial activity against all the microorganisms tested. Gram-positive bacteria were noted to be more sensitive to the oil than gram-negative bacteria and yeasts. In vitro cytotoxicity evaluation against HeLa cell lines showed that the essential oil exhibited moderate cytotoxicity on human tumor cells, with a high IC50 value of 175μg/mL. To the author’s knowledge, this is the first study reporting on the antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of Thymelaea hirsuta essential oil. Overall, the results indicate that the T. hirsuta essential oil has a number of attractive properties that might open new promising opportunities for the control or prevention of a wide range of microbial infections and cancers and can facilitate the use of essential oils as natural preservatives against spoilage microorganisms in food systems.
KEYWORDS: Thymelaea hirsuta, essential oil, antimicrobial activity, cytotoxic activity.