Author: Yushuang Luo, Sen Cui , Feng Tang, Cunfang Shen, Yujuan Qi, Dianxiang Lu, Lan Ma, Yingzhong Yang, Yan Li, Rong Chen , GE Ri-li
Publishing Date: 2017
Volume 30 Issue 5
This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of crocin alone and in combination with cisplatin in the therapy of gastric carcinoma cells. In this study, human gastric carcinoma cell line BGC-823 was purchased and maintained in standard condition. Crocin, cisplatin and crocin plus cisplatin diluted to different concentrations were added into medium, respectively. MTT assay and flow cytometry were performed to test the anti-proliferation effects and apoptosis rates of cells, respectively. In addition, quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of apoptosis-related genes, such as p53, Bax and Bcl-2 . After treated with different concentrations of crocin, the inhibition ratio and apoptosis rate of BGC-823 cells were not significantly changed. However, the tumor cell inhibition ratio and apoptosis rate in crocin plus cisplatin group were significantly higher than that in cisplatin, crocin and control group (p<0.05). The treatment of crocin plus cisplatin significantly increased the expression of p53 and Bax (p< 0.05), and significantly decreased the Bcl-2 expression (p<0.05). Collectively, our data demonstrated for the first time that crocin plus cisplatin may be used as a new anticancer drug for the treatment of gastric cancer.
Keywords: Gastric cancer, crocin, cisplatin, apoptosis, cell proliferation.