Author: Ahmad S Alkofahi 1*, Khalid K Abdul-Razzak 2, Karem H Alzoubi 2, and Omar F Khabour 3
Publishing Date: 2017
Volume 30 Issue 3
Diabetes represents a group of common diseases that are characterized by dysregulation of blood glucose levels. Plants are traditionally used for management of diseas es including diabetes. In this study, we screened the anti- diabetic effect of extracts of 21 plants grown in Jordan. Extracts of plants were screened for their antihyperglycemic activity. Diabetes was induced in Sprague Dawley rats using Alloxan. Plant extracts were dosed at 1gm/kg. Blood glucose was measured at baseline and at ev ery hour for 3 hours. Results showed that five plants out of the 21 screened showed antihyperglycemic activity. These plants are Phoenix dactylifera L., Te c o m a s t a n s (L.) Kunth , Cichorium pumilum Jacq., Phaseolus vulgaris L. , and Teucrium polium L. On the other hand, Sarcopoterium spinosum (L.) Spach. and Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata significantly increased blood glucose levels in diabetic rats. The following plant extracts showed neutral effect on blood glucose levels: Plantago major L., Taraxacum cyprium H. Lindb , Artemisia inculta Delile , Marrubium vulgare L. , Inula viscosa ( L. ) Ai , Rubus sanguineus Friv , Coriandrum sativum L. , Cucurbita pepo var ovefera, Cucumis sativus L ., Hordeum vulgare L. , Apium graveolens L. , Avena sativa L. , Helianthus annus L., and Anethum graveolens L . In conclusion, Jordanian medicinal plants might be useful for managements of blood glucose levels in patients with diabetes.
KEYWORDS: Diabetes, plant extract, antihyperglycemic.