Author: Shagufta Nesar, Muhammad Harris Shoaib, Kiran Rafiq, Najia Rahim, Iyad Naeem Muhammad and Wajiha Iffat
Publishing Date: 2018
Volume 31 Issue 1
Prescriptions comprising multi-drug therapy mostly illustrate the prescribing error. The phenomenon of error is bonded with human inaccuracy. The erroneous practice is observed in under developed countries like Pakistan, Bangladesh and also in developed ones. Consequently drug-drug interaction is one of the most common error associated with potentially serious adverse response even death. Accordingly the present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of prescribing errors and drug-drug interactions in out-patients receiving angiotensin receptor blockers. The study was done with population size one hundred fifty prescriptions obtained from different out-patient settings in Karachi. The prescriptions were screened for prescribing errors and risk factors for drug-drug interactions. Drug-drug interactions were recognized by Micromedex.2.0.Drug-Reax®database. The most common type of error was omission error. These errors were patient’s age, weight and diagnosis found in 51.3%, 97.3% and 74% of prescriptions, respectively. The prevalence of drug-drug interaction was 38%. A total of 746 drugs were prescribed with an average of 5 drugs per prescription and 450 medication errors were detected. Majority of the interaction were moderate (19.33%), others were minor (14%) and major (6%) in severity. Patients who prescribed many drugs (more than 5 drugs in a while) had a higher risk of developing drug-drug interactions (OR=4.76; 95% CI=2.30-9.64; p=0.0001*).The study data reports the occurrence of prescribing errors in Karachi and also necessitate the need of clinical pharmacist’s services in health care system. The step will help to minimize the risk factors by having the drug prescriptions reviewed by the pharmacists.
Keywords: Prescribing errors, drug-drug interactions, angiotensin receptor blockers, out-patients.