Author: Mirza Muhammad Fahd Qadir, Attya Bhatti, Rabia Khurshid, Muhammad Usman Ashraf, Sidrah Anjum and Peter John
Publishing Date: 2016
Volume: 29 Issue: 4
This study points at the elucidation of a possible association of Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with Ser326Cys in OGG1 Arg194Trp and Arg399Gln polymorphisms of XRCC1 using a sample size of 100 patients and 100 controls from a Pakistani population. This association was determined using Random Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis as well as the DAS scoring system. In RA, oxidative damage due to free radical production leads to destructive proliferative synovitis showing cellular transformations of synoviocytes into a tumorigenic state. XRCC1 and OGG1 genes, which are part of the DNA Break Excision Repair pathway, manifest various polymorphisms which may cause a variation in the response to inflammation by changing DNA repair potential. Our results showed a significant association between the DAS28 score values as well as the genotypic state of the RA patients. It was seen that the score was significantly higher in GG genotypes thereby corroborating the role of the polymorphism XRCC1 Arg399Gln. Using a Pearson’s correlation test it was found to be <0.000003. It has been shown by the results in this research that an increased risk of DNA damage exists when the polymorphic genotypes studied, exist in a RA patient.
KEYWORDS: Rheumatoid Arthritis, XRCC1, OGG1, BER, DNA damage