Author: K. Taimoor and F. Shahina
Publishing Date: 2018
Volume: 36 Issue: 1
Twenty indigenous medicinal and aromatic plants viz., Perovskia abrotanoides, Valeriana wallichii, Artemisia vulgaris, Peganum harmala, Saphora alopecuroides, Artemisia absinthium, Carum copticum, Berberis balochistanica, Matricaria lasiocarpa, Ephedra procera, Centratherum anthelminticum, Zatoria multiflora, Lallemantia royaleana, Mentha spicata, Withania coagulans, Achillea santolina, Ferula oopoda, Nepeta cateria, Teucrium stocksianum and Fagonia cretica were screened for their efficacy test against Meloidogyne incognita both in laboratory and pot experiments at doses of 0.5g/lit water (0.5% w/v), 1.0g/lit water (1% w/v), 1.5g/lit water (1.5% w/v), 2g/lit water (2% w/v), 2.5g/lit water (2.5% w/v) and 3.0g/lit water (3% w/v). Zatoria multiflora, Achillea santolina, Ferula oopoda and Nepeta cateria showed more efficacies as compared to other medicinal and aromatic plants both in laboratory and pot experiments. During laboratory experiments highest mortality (100%) was exhibited by the extract of Zatoria multiflora, Achillea santolina and Nepeta cateria against dose of 3.0g/liter followed by Teucrium stocksianum and Ferula oopoda with mortality of 90 % and 89%, respectively at the same dose of 3.0g/liter. Further, in pot experiments all tested plants showed significant effect on management parameters of M. incognita; however, minimum juvenile population were recorded from extracts of Matricaria lesiocarpa which was 3532.5 at dose 3g/liter. Similarly minimum root-knot index (1.0) was recorded from extracts of fourteen medicinal and aromatic plants at dose of 3.0g/liter and reproductive factor was also minimum 0.56 at dose of 3.0g/liter from extracts of Zatoria multiflora, Ferula oopoda and Matricaria lasiocarpa.
Keywords: Management, medicinal plants, aromatic plants, Meloidogyne incognita.