Author: I. Kepenekci, S. ToksÃƒÂ¶z, T. Atay and I. Saruhan
Publishing Date: 2018
Volume 36 Issue 1
Six species of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) (Steinernema feltiae, S. carpocapsae and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora) isolated from Turkey [S. feltiae (Aydin isolate), S. carpocapsae (Black sea isolate), H. bacteriophora (Aydin isolate) and H. bacteriophora (Çanakkale isolate)] and from Kyrgyzstan [S. feltiae(KG3) and H. bacteriophora (KG81)] were tested for the control of black timber bark beetle, Xylosandrus germanus (Blandford) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) under laboratory conditions. The studies were conducted in June, 2017 at the Ondokuz MayÃ„Â±s University (Samsun, Turkey). The suspensions of nematodes were applied at one concentration (1000 IJs ml-1) (200 IJs insect-1 or approximately 15 IJs cm-2) at 25°C temperatures. The data for mortality was recorded after 2, 4, 6 and 8 days intervals. Insect mortality of the adult was higher in all nematode treatments than the control. Turkish EPN isolate S. carpocapsae (Black sea) and Kyrgyz EPN isolate S. feltiae (KG3) species showed the highest mortality (98.66%).
Keywords: Entomopathogenic nematodes, black timber bark beetle, Xylosandrus germanus, efficacy, biological control, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan.