Author: Zhang Shaojun, Xu Yanyan, Chen Jian, Zheng Xia, Fang Qiang, Jiang Saiping
Publishing Date: 2017
Volume 30 Issue 4
Myocardial dysfunction is a serious complication induced by sepsis. Puerarin is an oriental medicine that possesses therapeutic benefits for cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-myocardial dysfunction effects of puerarin in isolated rat hearts induced by lipopolysaccharide- and compare the myocardial protective effects between the different concentrations of puerarin. Isolated hearts were attached to a Langendorff apparatus and perfused with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and different concentrations of puerarin. The hemodynamic parameters of heart rate (HR), left ventricular end systolic pressure [LVESP], +dp/dtmax, and −dp/dtmax were recorded. The biochemical indexes of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and creatine kinase (CK) in the coronary effluent were measured at 40, 90, and 120 min of perfusion. TNF-α in myocardial tissues was measured after perfusion was completed. As a result, puerarin (0.24 mmol/L–0.48 mmol/L) significantly increased LVESP, +dp/dtmax, −dp/dtmax, and HR in isolated rat hearts that were declined by LPS during perfusion periods. Puerarin could protect against increased LDH, CK, and TNF-α in coronary effluent of isolated rat hearts by LPS during perfusion periods. Treatment of 0.48 mmol/L puerarin significantly decreased the TNF-α in coronary effluent of isolated rat hearts compared with the treatment of 0.12 and 0.24 mmol/L puerarin, but the TNF-α values were not reverted to baseline levels. However, the difference of TNF-α in myocardial tissue in the three puerarin-combined groups was statistically significant. This study confirms that puerarin can improve LPS-induced contractile dysfunction in isolated heart and inhibit LPS-stimulated myocardial TNF-α production.
Key word: Puerarin, Myocardial dysfunction, Lipopolysaccharide, TNF