Author: Gen-xiang Rong, Chen-lin Shen, Bin-jie Gui, Hao Yin, Zhi Tang
Publishing Date: 2017
Volume 30 Issue 4
Tranexamic Acid (TXA) is commonly administered in total knee arthroplasty for reducing blood loss. There has been a growing interest in the topical use of TXA except intravenous use for prevention of bleeding in TKA. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a HPLC-MS method to detect TXA and apply to compare the pharmacokinetic profile of TXA after intravenous (IV) and topical intra-articular (IA) application of TXA at a dose of 20 mg/kg in rabbits. In order to prove intra-articular administration is better than that of intravenous administration from the point of rabbit pharmacokinetic. Two groups of rabbits (n=6/group) respectively received TXA intra-articularly or intravenously. Blood samples were collected at scheduled time. The concentration of TXA in plasma was determined by a validated HPLCMS method. Excellent linearity was found between 0.015 and 70.0µg/ml with a lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) of 0.015µg/ml (r>0.99); moreover, all the validation data including accuracy and precision (intra- and inter-day) were all within the required limits. The pharmacokinetic parameters in IA and IV group were: Cmax: 30.65±3.31 VS 54.05± 6.21µg/ml (p<0.01); t1/2: 1.26±0.05 VS 0.68±0.13h (p<0.05); AUC0-t: 42.98±7.73 VS 23.39±4.14µg/ml· h (p<0.01), time above the minimum effective concentration (%T > MEC): 1.5-2.2 VS 0.7-1.2h (p<0.05). HPLC-MS method is suitable for TXA pharmacokinetic studies. The results demonstrated that topical intra-articular application of TXA showed a reduced peak plasma concentration and prolonged therapeutic drug level compared with intravenous TXA from the point of rabbit pharmacokinetic. Keywords: Tranexamic acid, intra-articular, rabbit, HPLC-MS, pharmacokinetics.